A preposition shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence. The combination of a preposition and a noun phrase is called a prepositional phrase.
Prepositions usually convey these relationships: agency (by); comparison (like, as); direction (to, toward, through); place (at, by, within, beside, on); possession (of); purpose (for); source (from, out of); and time (at, before, on, during).
The combination of a preposition and a noun phrase is called a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object (usually a noun or a pronoun), and any modifiers of the object:
preposition + noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause
preposition + modifier(s) + noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause
Assuming that you’re familiar with prepositional phrases ... and ... without getting into a long grammar lesson, let’s reverse the rule and write poems comprised mainly of prepositional phrases.
1. Come up with a subject and see how many prepositional phrases you can write that pertain to your subject.
2. Begin putting your phrases into sentences that describe or somehow explain something about your subject.
3. Each line should begin with a prepositional phrase and should include 3-5 additional words.
4. Your poem should contain several prepositional phrases. The challenge is to make some sense of things within your poem—not just a list of unrelated prepositional phrases.
5. Now, and here’s the part about practical application and your writing: look at several poems you’ve written previously and circle the prepositional phrases. Are they all necessary? Can you edit any out?
1. A prepositional phrase often appears after the word it modifies:
A bird from my neighbor’s aviary flew into my back yard.
2. Like adverbs, prepositional phrases that modify verbs can also be found at the beginning or end of a sentence:
In the afternoon, a bird flew into my yard.
A bird flew into my yard in the afternoon.
3. Here are some commonly used prepositions for you to work with:
At the Amusement Park
At the amusement park,
beyond the pine trees,
within the crowds,
under the roller coaster,
inside the fortuneteller’s tent,
in the house of mirrors,
over the first grief of loss
but still missing you.